What kind of beer to try in Denmark
Every true fan of foamy certainly knows the Tuborg and Carlsberg brands. But far from all the regulars of pubs and bars, these popular brands are associated with Danish beer. The history of brewing in Denmark The first mention of a foamy drink in the country dates back to the historical period when Vikings lived in the territory of modern Denmark – more than 50 centuries ago. In the Early and Classical Middle Ages (V – XIV centuries), housewives, as well as monks of Augustinian and Benedictine monasteries, were engaged in beer production. Small breweries gradually appeared, which in 1525 united into a guild. This date is considered the beginning of the development of Danish beer production. Today, the adult population of this small Scandinavian country drinks more beer than residents of France or neighboring Sweden. In 2016, almost 62 liters a year accounted for every Dane. “Carlsberg” and “Tuborg” In those distant times in Denmark, breweries delivered foam primarily to the table of the monarch or to the army. But even ordinary people were not deprived of the opportunity to enjoy the taste of hvidtøl (Wittel) – “light beer”. This is the only type of hop drink that was distributed in Denmark until 1847, when J.K. Jacobsen, a Copenhagen entrepreneur, founded his own brewery. He used methods that were widely used in a similar production in Bavaria. So there was a Danish beer “Carlsberg”, named after the son of Jacobsen – Karl. In 1875, Mr. Jacobsen created a special laboratory that worked to improve the quality of beer using the discoveries obtained in biochemistry. 1873 is another important date in the history of Danish brewing. Then a factory was opened, where Tuborg began to be produced. The founder of the brand, K. F. Tietgen, named it after the place where the brewery was located – Tuesborg. Thus began the story of Tuborg and Carlsberg – two world-famous Danish brands. Despite the fact that in 1970 Carlsberg absorbed its competitor, which became part of a single corporation under the Carlsberg brand, both brands are still technically and economically independent from each other. A 26-meter high monument in the form of a bottle with a small viewing platform at the top was erected at the Tuborg plant. To admire the beauties of the capital of Denmark, you should use the fast elevator inside the building. Small Breweries The middle of the last century was the beginning of a new growth in the number of small breweries. Especially quickly they began to open at the beginning of the XXI century, when the Danes, like other Europeans, had a tendency to make higher demands on the quality of a wide variety of goods, including beer. What dishes of Danish cuisine should a tourist try Although the annual production of a foamy drink over a ten-year period (from 2007 to 2017) fell from 21.2 million to 16.4 million liters, its quality has improved. The number of small breweries in Denmark has grown from a few dozen to more than two hundred. One of them – Amager Bryghus – is recognized as the best among manufacturers in this category. Even the Karlsberg brand has opened its small brewery – Husbryggeriet Jacobsen. Varieties and brands of Danish beer According to the number of beer consumed annually, the pale lager variety is in first place in the kingdom. It accounts for approximately 95% of sales. But this is not limited to the choice of passionate lovers of Danish beer, especially since the varieties presented on the local market are very diverse: Hvidtøl (2%) – light beer (Danish “Widtel”) with a sweet taste; now, in the XXI century, the variety has lost its popularity and is most often produced as a traditional foamy drink for Christmas; Påskeøl (“Poskoyel”) – Easter 6% beer; The market is represented by three well-known brands: Royal Spring, Tuborg Påskebryg and Carl’s Påske; Guld (“golden”), or Gold – the variety has a strength of 5.7% to 5.9%, well-known brands – Wilbroe, Svaneke Mørk, Harboe Premium, Tuborg and Carlsberg Guld; Classic – “pale lager” with a richer taste and color, when compared with traditional varieties; represented on the market by a brand such as Tuborg; Juleøl and Julebryg – beer for Christmas; these two varieties have a strength of 5.65% (light) to 6.0% (dark); common brands are Roasted Juleøl, Fur Julebryg, Fjordens Juleøl, Svaneke and Tuborg Julebryg; Nisseøl – a sweet dark “Christmas” beer, less strong than the Julebryg variety; Pale Lager (“pale lager”) – the variety is represented on the Danish market by the brands Royal Pilsner, Grøn Tuborg and Carlsberg Pilsner; Strong Lager – includes strong lagers (7.2–8.0%): Tuborg Fine Festival, Royal Selection and Carlsberg Elephant; Stout and Porter – These varieties are produced in numerous small Danish breweries.